Janyaa Master Minds


  1. What are waves and what things they can do? – Describe pattern of waves in terms of amplitude and wavelength, and show case waves can cause objects to move.
  2. How can water, ice, wind and vegetation change the land? – Demonstrate effects of weathering or the rate of erosion by water, ice, wind or vegetation. How can we reduce the impact of such processes on humans?
  3. What patterns of Earth’s features can be determined with the use of maps? – Use map data and analyze patterns of Earth’s features.
  4. How do internal and external structures support the survival, growth, behavior and reproduction of plants and animals? – Develop a model where an object can be seen when light reflects from its surface to enter the eye and create an image of the same.
  5. Conservation of energy and Energy transfer :What is energy and how is it related to motion? – Relationship between the speed of an object and the energy of that object. Demonstrate that energy can be transferred from place to place by sound, light, heat or electric currents or from object to object through collisions.
  6. Relationship between Energy and forces: Energy in Chemical processes and Everyday life :How is energy transferred? Apply above concepts to design, test and refine adevice that converts energy from one form to another.
  7. Interdependent Relationships in Ecosystems – The food of almost any kind of animal can be traced back to plants. Organisms are related in food webs in which some animals eat plants for food and other animals eat the animals that eat plants. Some organisms, such as fungi and bacteria, break down dead organisms (both plants or plants parts and animals) and therefore operate as “decomposers.” Decomposition eventually restores (recycles) some materials back to the soil. Organisms can survive only in environments in which their particular needs are met. A healthy ecosystem is one in which multiple species of different types are each able to meet their needs in a relatively stable web of life. Newly introduced species can damage the balance of an ecosystem.
  8. Cycles of Matter and Energy Transfer in Ecosystems – Matter cycles between the air and soil and among plants, animals, and microbes as these organisms live and die. Organisms obtain gases, and water, from the environment, and release waste matter (gas, liquid, or solid) back into the environment. A system can be described in terms of its components and their interactions.
  9. Earth Materials and Systems – Earth’s major systems are the geosphere (solid and molten rock, soil, and sediments), the hydrosphere (water and ice), the atmosphere (air), and the biosphere (living things, including humans). These systems interact in multiple ways to affect Earth’s surface materials and processes. The ocean supports a variety of ecosystems and organisms, shapes landforms, and influences climate. Winds and clouds in the atmosphere interact with the landforms to determine patterns of weather.
  10. The Roles of Water in Earth’s Surface Processes – Nearly all of Earth’s available water is in the ocean. Most fresh water is in glaciers or underground; only a tiny fraction is in streams, lakes, wetlands, and the atmosphere. Rest of water on Earth is salty and why?
  11. Structure and Properties of Matter –Matter of any type can be subdivided into particles that are too small to see, but even then the matter still exists and can be detected by other means. A model shows that gases are made from matter particles that are too small to see and are moving freely around in space can explain many observations, including the inflation and shape of a balloon and the effects of air on larger particles or objects.
  12. The amount (weight) of matter is conserved when it changes form, even in transitions in which it seems to vanish
  13. Measurements of a variety of properties can be used to identify materials. Build examples of materials and what properties can be measured (At this grade level, mass and weight are not distinguished, and no attempt is made to define the unseen particles or explain the atomic-scale mechanism of evaporation and condensation).
  14. Chemical Reactions – When two or more different substances are mixed, a new substance with different properties may be formed. No matter what reaction or change in properties occurs, the total weight of the substances does not change. (Boundary: Mass and weight are not distinguished at this grade level.
  15. Growth and Development of OrganismsInheritance of Traits – Reproduction is essential to the continued existence of every kind of organism. Plants and animals have unique and diverse life cycles. Many characteristics of organisms are inherited from their parents. Other characteristics result from individuals’ interactions with the environment, which can range from diet to learning. Many characteristics involve both inheritance and environment. (Example offsprings of animals that are breed).
  16. Variation of Traits – Different organisms vary in how they look and function because they have different inherited information. The environment also affects the traits that an organism develops. (example of environment influence – tall plants in insufficient water conditions are stunted; pet dogs being fed too much or worked on less become overweight)
  17. Natural Selection – Sometimes the differences in characteristics between individuals of the same species provide advantages in surviving, finding mates, and reproducing. (Example animals that camouflage or plants with self defense mechanisms (thorns)).
  18. Design affordable microscope: It should weight about 2-3 pounds, not more than 1 foot long/wide, reusable multiple times, easily manageable, easy to assemble and should not cost more than $5.


  1. Properties of Addition and Subtraction E.g., – Commutative property
  2. Properties of Multiplication and Division – E.g – Associative property
  3. Factors and Multiples–What they are, how are they different, HCF, LCM; simplifying numbers into factors.
  4. Divisibility rules for 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 11
  5. Rounding by place value
  6. Algebra: Find a rule in number patters and write an equation
  7. Balanced Equations: An equation holds good when both sides of the equation are treated equally by adding/subtracting/multiplying/dividing.
  8. Graphing ordered pairs, finding distance between 2 points, line segment coordinates
  9. Functions – using a data table for values of x determine the function that yields values for y
  10. Graphing functions – using a data table, first establish function and for a function graph ordered pairs (x,y)
  11. Decimals – Write in Tenths & Hundreds – Eg., convert 42cents into a fraction and decimal; show a fraction in Tenths and Hundredths
  12. Decimals – Compare and order decimals;
  13. Decimals – Operations – addition-subtraction-multiplication-division with decimals
  14. Fraction and decimal equivalents
  15. Ordering decimals, fractions and mixed numbers
  16. Probability – introduce concepts using fractions – favorable outcomes by total possible outcomes
  17. Probability & Tree Diagrams – mapping possible outcomes and determining chance of desired outcome
  18. Long division
  19. Order of operations – PEMDAS ; using order of operations in algebraic equations